Contraception

Contraception means prevention of pregnancy. There are numerous birth control methods out there. Each method works differently. These methods are very efficient and easy to use and comprehend. If you don’t want to stress about getting pregnant then here are the different types of contraception that you ought to consider using.

The Pill

Birth control pills come in two categories. There are the progestin-only pill and combined oral contraceptive pills. The combined pills contain both estrogen and progestin. They bring ovulation to a halt as well as preventing the movement of sperm. A small percentage of women get accidental pregnancies in their first year of using this pill. However, they are very effective if they are used consistently and in the right way. Progestin-only pills, on the other hand, contain just one hormone which is progestin. What this pill does is it makes the uterus lining thinner and cervical mucus thicker. This ensures that the sperm can’t reach the egg.

The cervical cap

The cervical cap is as the name suggests a small cap which is made of latex. A doctor is responsible for fitting the woman for a cap. Spermicide is put on the cap which is later inserted into the woman’s vagina and safely onto the cervix. The spermicide that was put on the cap is what is used to kill sperm. The cap is held in place by suction. This method needs to be used in the right way for it to be effective. Its use needs to be consistent as well. The cap is meant to be changed annually. This method is however slightly faulty if the woman already has children or has given birth before.

condoms

Condoms are a very effective form of birth control with the plus being that they also prevent or reduce the risk of being infected with sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms are made of latex. Using them during sexual intercourse prevents body fluids from mixing. You roll the condom onto the penis before inserting into the vagina. Correct use not only prevents pregnancy but also protects you from being infected with some of the worst sexually transmitted diseases.

The contraceptive film

The contraceptive film is a fragile sheet that contains a chemical that kills sperm. Just like the cervical cap, the contraceptive film is inserted into the vagina and onto the cervix. The film dissolves in less than a minute. Ensure you consult your clinician before you start using this film.